An Ancient Art, A Technological Revolution
Printing has always been intimately connected with advances in technology. The Chinese are credited with the invention of moveable type (Bi Sheng invented the use of clay type in 1041), but the number of characters used in the complex Chinese pictographic writing system made the process impractical. The Koreans developed a phonetic writing system which was better suited to the use of the movable type printing press, which Chwe Yun-Ui invented in 1234 during the Goryeo Dynasty, an ancient Korean nation. In Western European tradition, Johann Gutenberg is credited with the invention of the movable type printing press, sparking a cultural revolution through the spread of ideas.